Year 2019

Scientific Journal HE-SS in Ostroleka 2/2019 (33)

Spis treści / Contens


WALERY OKULICZ-KOZARYN, MYKOLA ZHURBA, ANASTASIIA SIMAKHOVA, ANATOLY ZHURBA
DO UKRAINIAN CITIZENS PREFER THE EASTERN MANAGEMENT MODEL?
CZY OBYWATELE UKRAINY WOLĄ WSCHODNI MODEL ZARZĄDZANIA? SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 2/2019(33), 4-15
Summary

The aim of the study is to check do Ukrainian citizens prefer the European management model? The main research methods were methods of sociological research and methods of social statistics. It was asked two general populations of Ukrainian citizens (110 respondents). The study was based on the statistical analysis of preferences of Ukrainian citizens. The verification of two pairs of statistical hypotheses was performed. We had to reject a hypothesis, that Ukrainian citizens prefer the European model of management. It's been statistically proven, that Ukrainian citizens do not prefer the European management model. We learned that two general populations of Ukrainian citizens have the same preferences when choosing a management model. The purpose of the study was achieved as a very strong result, because empirical results are highly statistically significant (0,01). The results can be useful for other post-Communist countries of Eastern Europe.

Keywords: Ukrainian citizens, local government, public administration, European management model, Eastern management model, Ukraine.
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KHRYSTYNA SHPARYK
INFLUENCE OF INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS ON THE ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF THE COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD
WPŁYW CZYNNIKÓW INSTYTUCJONALNYCH NA EFEKTYWNOŚĆ EKONOMICZNĄ PAŃSTW ŚWIATA SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 2/2019(33), 16-36
Summary

This research focuses on the problem of uneven economic development of the world economy. Within the modern scientific paradigm, uneven economic development is studied through the prism of effectiveness of institutional mechanisms of the state as the main tool to create conditions for economic growth. The goal is to show the effect of economic and institutional variables (namely the level of economic freedom, the level of political freedom which takes into account political rights and civil liberties, human capital, labor force and gross fixed capital accumulation) on economic growth which is calculated using econometric models for panel data with fixed effects of countries and fixed temporal effects. The model is built for 119 countries of the world and takes into account observations in 1990, 2000 and 2010. A correlation analysis is made which shows that the correlation coefficients between most of the variables are high which confirms the assumption that economic freedom is a prerequisite for economic development and contributes to the improvement of the quality of life of the people. The paper also presents a generalized translogarithmic model constructed on the basis of the production function with constant elasticity of the substitution (CES function), which is a nonlinear modification of the Cobb-Douglas function. The calculations prove that, in particular, the level of political and economic freedoms that are taken by institutional factors significantly influence the economic efficiency. The relation between efficiency and failed state index is identified, indicating that the controllability of the state’s borders and political stability largely affect economic development because wars and conflicts have the most devastating impacts on the economy.

Keywords: uneven economic development, institutions, economic efficiency, failed state index, political freedom, economic freedom.
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JAROSŁAW ZABIELSKI
SECURITISATION AND IT’S MARKET IN EUROPE AND THE US IN 2018
SEKURYTYZACJA I JEJ RYNEK W EUROPIE I USA W 2018 R. SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 2/2019(33), 37-45
Summary

The aim of the paper was to present one of the techniques of capital raising - securitization. The principles of operation of this method, participants and benefits of its application were discussed. An analysis of the securitization securities market in Europe and the USA in 2018 and the years 2007-18 was also made. The analysis shows that since the crisis in 2008, the value of the European securitization market has remained low. It also shows no signs of recovery. In contrast, the US market returned to its size before 2008.

Keywords: securitization, financial market, bond market, asset management.
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MAGDALENA MALINOWSKA
DZIAŁALNOŚĆ B+R W POLSCE A PROGRAMY WSPOMAGAJĄCE
R & D ACTIVITY IN POLAND AND SUPPORTING PROGRAMS SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 2/2019(33), 46-55
Summary

The aim of the article was to present the amount of expenditures on R & D activity in Poland in 2008-2015. The article begins with the presentation of concepts related to research and development. The next part presents data on gross expenditure on R & D in 2007-2017 in Poland, Germany, Sweden, Malta, Japan and the United States. Then, data on internal inputs for R & D in 2008-2015 were presented. Moreover, the article presents programs that have an impact on R & D. The last part of the article contains a summary and conclusions. Analysis of data as well as programs supporting R & D showed that in Poland this sphere is developing at a slow pace in contrast to Western neighbors.

Keywords: R & D, EU and national programs, research, inputs.
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ELŻBIETA WAŻNA
PIERWSZA OFERTA PUBLICZNA JAKO ŹRÓDŁO POZYSKIWANIA KAPITAŁU DLA ROZWOJU MAŁYCH I ŚREDNICH PRZEDSIĘBIORSTW NA PRZYKŁADZIE RYNKU NEW CONNECT
THE FIRST PUBLIC OFFER AS A SOURCE OF RAISING CAPITAL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE NEW CONNECT MARKET SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 2/2019(33), 56-68
Summary

The company from the sector SMEs, like every other entity, has to take decisions about financing its activity. Many forms are available, which many advantages as well as disadvantages are entailed with. On decisions taken by businessmen depend economic results of entity, for that reason the author finds it the most justified the rolling out the first public offer, which makes an extremely important moment in developing of every stock – offering company like a source of raising of capital for developing of small and average companies but also assessment of circumstances and consequences of market – based raising of capital by small and average companies.

Keywords: first public offer, market, direct cost, exchange, share.
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MAGDALENA GERAGA
„ZATRUDNIĘ JAŚNIE WIELMOŻNEGO KIEROWCĘ”. OPOWIEŚĆ O POSZUKIWANIU PRACOWNIKA, CZYLI NARRATOLOGIA W PRAKTYCE
"I WILL HIRE HIS MAJESTY'S DRIVER". A STORY ABOUT THE SEARCH FOR AN EMPLOYEE, I.E. NARRATOLOGY IN PRACTICE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 2/2019(33), 69-82
Summary

Job advertisements are a very important element of the recruitment process. Among other things, it depends on them whether the company will appear as an attractive place for specialists. Atypical job advertisements, based on narratology, i.e. the art of telling stories, have three goals: interest, building a brand and finding suitable candidates. The article is an attempt to analyze several job advertisements in the context of narratology and to answer the question about their value.

Keywords: job advertisements, generation, storyteller, narratology, job.
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MONIKA SZYMURA
UMOWA O DOKONANIE LUB WDROŻENIE INNOWACJI SKUTECZNĄ METODĄ TRANSFERU INNOWACJI
AGREEMENT FOR IMPLEMENTATION OR IMPLEMENTATION OF INNOVATION- EFFECTIVE METHOD OF INNOVATION TRANSFER SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 2/2019(33), 83-91
Summary

Contracts for implementation of innovations is one of the most frequently used instruments for commercialisation of scientific research results. Due to the divergent views of the doctrine, as well as the imprecise Polish legal regulations, the issue of concluding agreements on the implementation or implementation of innovation still raises many doubts. The article is an attempt to discuss the principles of constructing these agreements and the basic differences between them on the basis of a review of literature and case law. The assessment of the legal character of the discussed agreements depends on the specific factual and legal situation. In some situations, it is assumed that the regulations relating to a contract for specific work (result contract) apply to such contracts, in others - provisions of the contract of mandate (contract of due diligence). Proper qualification is particularly important in the light of the different rules of liability of the parties in the case of due diligence and result agreements. The recognition of a specific relationship as a contract for specific work imposes a much broader scope of liability on the contractor towards the ordering party.

Keywords: property law, license, contract for the transfer of copyrights.
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GRACJAN CHROBAK
ZASTOSOWANIE MODELU MILLERA-ORA W PLANOWANIU ŚRODKÓW PIENIĘŻNYCH PRZEDSIĘBIORSTWA
APPLICATION OF THE MILLER-OR’S MODEL IN PLANNING CASH AMOUNTS OF AN ENTERPRISE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 2/2019(33), 92-104
Summary

The Miller-Or model is used to determine the optimal level of cash balance of a unit. The foundation of the aforementioned concept is to create such a pattern of cash that would be able to ensure the expected level of financial liquidity, implying adequate cash managing. It leads to monitoring the fluctuation of cash amounts within the corridor of "optimal" values thereof when taking appropriate action during "leaving" it.

Keywords: cash, Miller-Or’s model, harmonic method, planning, seasonality, χ2 test.
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Scientific Journal HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019 (32)

Spis treści / Contens


BEATA BĘDZIK
INTEREST WITH THE MATTERS OF THE COMMUNE AS AN INTRODUCTION TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF CIVIL SOCIETY ZAINTERESOWANIE SPRAWAMI GMINY WSTĘPEM DO BUDOWY SPOŁECZEŃSTWA OBYWATELSKIEGO
SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019(32), 6-15
Summary

The aim of paper is to present the level of respondents interest in the commune affairs. The results of the analyzes presented in this paper come from surveys conducted using a questionnaire survey among residents of rural communes in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. After rejecting incomplete and/or illogical questionnaires, 2409 respondents were qualified for the analysis. The research results indicate the interest in local affairs is low. More than half of respondents (56%) aren’t interested in that. It means that the development of civil society based on interest, cooperation, and involvement will be difficult. This research is part of the assessment of an important factor of social capital, which is interest in local affairs, giving the opportunity to use the results in building civic society and local development strategies.

Keywords: interest, involvement, rural communes, civil socjety
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KAROLINA BEYER
MODEL BIZNESOWY A STRATEGIA PRZEDSIĘBIORSTWA BUSINESS MODEL AND BUSINESS STRATEGY
SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019(32), 16-26
Summary

The aim of the article is to present the essence of business model concept as well as discussion about its position in relation to the company's strategy. To this end, a review of the subject literature was conducted, based on which different approaches to the category of the business model were highlighted. The article presents selected definitions of the discussed concept, indicating the lack of unanimity in the definition. In the following part of the article, the analysis of the position and role of the business model to the company's strategy was undertaken. Various approaches have been pointed out, but they assume the view that the business model and enterprise strategy are different concepts but are significantly related to each other. These concepts complement each other and are nowadays complementary tools for planning and strategic management in enterprises.

Keywords: Business model, business strategy
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ADRIAN SADŁOWSKI
WPŁYW PŁATNOŚCI OBSZAROWYCH NA CENY ZIEMI ROLNEJ W POLSCE
THE INFLUENCE OF AREA PAYMENTS ON THE PRICES OF FARMLAND IN POLAND SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019(32), 27-35
Summary

The aim of the study was to determine the influence of area payments on the prices of farmland in Poland with a case study of the single area payment. Empirical research was carried out with econometric methods (analysis of the trend function and regression analysis). The research showed that Poland's accession to the European Union and the adoption of the Common Agricultural Policy, which provides relatively strong financial support to the agricultural activity, caused changes in the development tendency of farmland prices. Their trend shifted from being almost horizontal to a rapid growth. The research led to the general conclusion that area payments exhibited a strong tendency to capitalise in the price of farmland, and the capitalisation largely explained the rapid increase in the prices of farmland in Poland after its joining the European Union.\ Keywords: direct payments, agricultural land prices, capitalization of direct payments
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PATRYK ZACHŁOWSKI
INNOWACYJNOŚĆ POLSKIEJ GOSPODARKI NA TLE WYBRANYCH KRAJÓW UNII EUROPEJSKIEJ (2011-2015)
INNOVATION OF POLISH ECONOMY AS COMPARED TO SELECTED COUNTRIES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (2011-2015) SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019(32), 36-48
Summary

The aim of the article is to present the theoretical basis of factors determining the innovativeness of economies and to recall some indicators defining the current level of innovation of the Polish economy in relation to analogous indicators in selected European Union countries.
Keywords: innovation
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EWA RAJCZAKOWSKA, PAWEŁ ANDRZEJCZYK, MARIOLA DROZDA, JAROSŁAW BRODNY
PRAKTYCZNE ASPEKTY OCHRONY DANYCH OSOBOWYCH W POLSKICH RZEDSIĘBIORSTWACH
PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION IN POLISH ENTERPRISES SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019(32), 49-72
Summary

In Poland, in May 2018, new legal regulations regarding the protection of personal data were introduced. These new regulations now constitute a significant problem for the functioning of enterprises in Poland, practically in every industry. In many cases they may be a source of problems for their development and may generate various negative effects, for example in the form of penalties for non-compliance with new legal regulations. It can be noticed that for some time the new regulations have aroused a lot of controversy. A significant proportion of entrepreneurs consider these regulations to be too strict, not flexible and not adjusted to the scope of their activities. The new regulations related to the RODO, known also as GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) are particularly burdensome for small businesses, which in many cases may be a barrier to their further activity. The article discusses the basic issues related to the protection of personal data in relation to the GDPR. The article mainly focuses on discussing the preparation of one-person-enterprises and those employing up to 50 employees to implement new procedures related to the introduction of the GDPR. The authors hope that the presented material will be treated as a voice in the discussion evaluating the current legal system related to the protection of personal data, and in particular how to implement this system in enterprises without exposing these institutions to additional costs and / or possible fines.
Keywords: personal data, protection of personal data, data processing, procedures for the protection of personal data.
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JUSTYNA WÓJTÓW, MICHAŁ KUC
THE PROBLEM OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND WAYS OF COMBATING IT IN WARMIAN-MASURIAN VOIVODESHIP
PROBLEM BEZROBOCIA I SPOSOBY JEGO ZWALCZANIA W WOJ. WARMIŃSKO-MAZURSKIM SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019(32), 73-83
Summary

The article presents the issue of unemployment in the province Warmia and Mazury, including the ways of counteracting this problem. The article was based on literature of the subject analysis and a survey conducted among registered unemployed people. The purpose of the article is to characterize the labor market in the province Warmia and Mazury and evaluation of the effectiveness of measures undertaken to prevent unemployment. As a result of the topic analysis, the essence of the unemployment concept was defined as well as its root causes, effects and the major/fundamental ways of counteracting this problem. The results of the conducted research constitute a valuable source of information for units dealing with labour market policy, indicating the possible directions for resources allocation remaining at their disposal.
Keywords: labor market policy, unemployment, the unemployment problem, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, forms of counteracting unemployment personal data, protection of personal data, data processing, procedures for the protection of personal data.
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IRENEUSZ ŻUCHOWSKI, PIOTR BÓRAWSKI, KRZYSZTOF CWALINA, KAROLINA KALIŚCIAK
KOSZT WYPRODUKOWANIA JEDNEGO LITRA MLEKA W GOSPODARSTWACH ROLNYCH W POWIECIE OSTROŁĘCKIM
COST PRODUCTION OF ONE LITRE OF MILK IN FARMS IN OSTROŁĘKA POVIAT SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019(32), 84-94
Summary

The article presents selected results regarding production costs of milk on farms located in the Ostrołęka poviat. The research was carried out in 150 intentionally selected milk products. The selection of units for research was deliberate. The research shows that the main factor determining the profitability of milk production is the price that farmers receive. The price exceeded the cost of producing one liter of milk, which meant that milk production in the researched farms was profitable. It terms of milk production costs, farmers have limited possibilities of their reduction. The only possibility is to increase the usage of won fodders and the decrease usage of fodders from purchase.
Keywords: costs, milk prices.
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HENRYK WNOROWSKI, ANNA WIERZBICKA
WYTYCZNE OECD W BUDOWANIU ODPOWIEDZIALNEJ POSTAWY PRZEDSIĘBIORSTW WIELONARODOWYCH
OECD GUIDELINES FOR BUILDING RESPONSIBLE FORMATIONS OF MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019(32), 95-107
Summary

International business has undergone far-reaching structural changes and multinational enterprises are a significant and lasting element of the modern world economy. Strong competition in the market has shown that businesses operating in this area have to cope with a whole range of legal, social and regulatory rules, etc. Many examples of multinational enterprises have shown that respecting high standards of business conduct can increase the pace of growth. This demonstrates the need for discussion of the guidelines addressed to this group of actors, responding to the multitude of problems encountered by international market participants.
Keywords: globalization, multinational enterprises, international corporations
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MICHAŁ KUC, ALEKSANDRA CZEKALSKA
PRYWATNE DOMY OPIEKI JAKO NOWA FORMA AKTYWNOŚCI PODMIOTÓW GOSPODARCZYCH NA PRZYKŁADZIE WOJEWÓDZTWA WARMIŃSKO-MAZURSKIEGO
PRIVATE NURSING HOMES AS A NEW FORM OF THE ACTIVITY FOR BUSINESS ENTITIES SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL HE-SS in Ostroleka 1/2019(32), 108-121
Summary

The purpose of the article is to present the conditions, possibilities of functioning and development/expansion of private nursing homes for the elderly in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship. Analysis of the topic directed the attention to the problem of aging population and the directly related growing demand for care services. Moreover, the functioning of private and public nursing homes was compared and the awareness was raised to differences in the provided care service`s.
Keywords: care services sector, private nursing homes, public nursing homes, economic entities, Warmian-Masurian, Voivodeship, aging socjety, elderly people
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